Install vagrant on ubuntu 20.04
Vagrant is an open-source software product for building and maintaining portable virtual software development environments. For example VirtualBox, KVM, Hyper-V, Docker containers, VMware, and AWS. It tries to simplify the software configuration management of virtualization in order to increase development productivity.
This article describes on how to install Vagrant on an Ubuntu 20.04 system.
First we will update the packages by using apt.
sudo apt update
Next, we will install VirtualBox in the Ubuntu 20.04 system.
sudo apt install virtualbox
once it is installed, we will install vagrant with the following commands.
curl -fsSL https://apt.releases.hashicorp.com/gpg | sudo apt-key add sudo apt-add-repository "deb [arch=amd64] https://apt.releases.hashicorp.com $(lsb_release -cs) main" sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install vagrant
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Reading state information... Done The following NEW packages will be installed: vagrant 0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 194 not upgraded. Need to get 40.9 MB of archives. After this operation, 115 MB of additional disk space will be used. Get:1 https://apt.releases.hashicorp.com focal/main amd64 vagrant amd64 2.2.16 [40.9 MB] Fetched 40.9 MB in 5min 33s (123 kB/s) Selecting previously unselected package vagrant. (Reading database ... 92635 files and directories currently installed.) Preparing to unpack .../vagrant_2.2.16_amd64.deb ... Unpacking vagrant (2.2.16) ... Setting up vagrant (2.2.16) ...
you can check vagrant version with the following command.
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creating vagrant project
First, we will create a new folder where the Vagrant project will be hosted and access newly created folder as below.
mkdir myvagrantproject cd myvagrantproject
Now, we need to initialize a new Vargantfile using vagrant init command.Once, you have selected a name of your choice, enter the following command
vagrant init centos/8
A `Vagrantfile` has been placed in this directory. You are now ready to `vagrant up` your first virtual environment! Please read the comments in the Vagrantfile as well as documentation on `vagrantup.com` for more information on using Vagrant.
you can also create a Vagrantfile that you can modify and revise as your wish.
Now you can start virual machine with following command.
Bringing machine 'default' up with 'virtualbox' provider... ==> default: Box Provider: virtualbox default: Box Version: >= 0 ==> default: Loading metadata for box 'centos/8' default: URL: https://vagrantcloud.com/centos/8 ==> default: Adding box 'centos/8' (v2011.0) for provider: virtualbox default: Downloading: https://vagrantcloud.com/centos/boxes/8/versions/2011.0/providers/virtualbox.box Download redirected to host: cloud.centos.org default: progress 1% (Rate: 240k/s, Estimated time remaining: 2:18:35)
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Vagrant will then mount your newly created project directory at /vagrant path of Ubuntu 20.04 virtual machine.
Now you have successfully installed vagrant on ubuntu 20.04 system.
To ssh in the virtual machine,use the following command.
To stop the virtual machine use halt.
To remove virtual machine,use below command.
That's it. you have successfully learned how to install vagrant on ubuntu system
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