Configure Static IP Address on Ubuntu 18.04
Netplan is a new command-line network configuration utility to manage and configure network settings in ubuntu systems.Netplan uses configuration files with YAML syntax.
The first step is to identify the name of the ethernet interface you want to configure. You can use the ip link command as shown below
root@test-VirtualBox:~# ip link 1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1000 link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00 2: enp0s3: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc fq_codel state UP mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1000 link/ether 08:00:27:c6:a9:ae brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
Netplan configuration files are stored in the /etc/netplan directory and have the extension .yaml file and you can store configurations for all your network interfaces in these files. The file may differ from one version to another. Generally, the file is named either 01-netcfg.yaml or 01-network-manager-all.yaml or 50-cloud-init.yaml etc
set static ip using netplan
To assign a static IP address to enp0s3 interface edit the file as follows:
set DHCP to dhcp4: no
enp0s3: network interface name
Specify the static IP address 192.168.0.8/24.
addresses: you can add one or more IPv4 or IPv6 IP addresses that will be assigned to the network interface.
Specify the gateway as gateway4: 192.168.0.1
Under nameservers, specify the nameservers addresses: [192.168.0.1,188.8.131.52]
we need to modify yaml file like below
root@test-VirtualBox:/etc/netplan# cat 01-netcfg.yaml # This file describes the network interfaces available on your system # For more information, see netplan(5). network: version: 2 renderer: networkd ethernets: enp0s3: dhcp4: no addresses: [192.168.0.8/24] gateway4: 192.168.0.1 nameservers: addresses: [192.168.0.1,184.108.40.206]
Note: yaml file might not work if there is a syntax error in the configuration.
Before applying netplan we can check for errors with debug
netplan apply --debug
If you get an empty response, everything was ok and your new IP configuration has been applied.
Now Verify the changes by typing below command
root@test-VirtualBox:~# ifconfig -a enp0s3: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST> mtu 1500 inet 192.168.0.8 netmask 255.255.255.0 broadcast 192.168.0.255 inet6 fe80::a00:27ff:fec6:a9ae prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x20<link> ether 08:00:27:c6:a9:ae txqueuelen 1000 (Ethernet) RX packets 12508 bytes 13643699 (13.6 MB) RX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 frame 0 TX packets 7786 bytes 827514 (827.5 KB) TX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 carrier 0 collisions 0 lo: flags=73<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING> mtu 65536 inet 127.0.0.1 netmask 255.0.0.0 inet6 ::1 prefixlen 128 scopeid 0x10<host> loop txqueuelen 1000 (Local Loopback) RX packets 554 bytes 46991 (46.9 KB) RX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 frame 0 TX packets 554 bytes 46991 (46.9 KB) TX errors 0 dropped 0 overruns 0 carrier 0 collisions 0